Brazil is a civilian law nation. The Portuguese implemented its legal structure that originates from the Roman law during the era of colonization. The legal system consists of codes and regulations imposed mostly by the federal legislature as well as parliaments from other municipalities and states. Brazil is made up of the permanent merger of states, municipalities, plus the Federal District. The Brazilian government has three branches: the executive, judiciary, and legislature.
Arms of Brazilian government
The National Congress comprises of the Federal Senate and Chamber of Deputies. This branch leverages its legislative process to exercise its legislative power. The president of the country and State’s Minister make up the executive branch. The Judiciary comprises of Federal Supreme Court, Superior Tribunal of Justice, Electoral Justice, State Justice, National Council of Justice, Labor Justice, and Military Justice.
Hierarchy of the court system
Occupying the highest level in the Brazilian judicial system is the Federal Supreme Court, which is in charge of protecting the constitution and acting as a court of review. This court has the power to try to make a direct decision concerning actions of unconstitutionality of a normative act or federal law. In other words, the Federal Supreme Court can issue advisory opinions. The Federal Justice is made up of Federal Courts and Federal Regional Tribunals.
Who is Ricardo Tosto?
Ricardo Tosto is a licensed lawyer based in Brazil. He earned his LLB from the Mackenzie University. He also studied at FAAP and obtained an undergrad in business administration. Ricardo Tosto commenced his practice in a small office and steered it into one of the greatest law companies in Brazil today. He has proved his defense abilities and mastery of law by representing clients in high-status litigation cases.
Ricardo Tosto has particularly worked with established Brazilian and global organizations, governments, and prominent figures such as managing directors and politicians. He has created groundbreaking legal mechanisms that the Brazilian legal system has implemented. Previously, he offered strategic directions to prominent committees like the OAB’s Modernization Committee and Judicial Modernization Committee. Ricardo Tosto is a member and one of the co-founders of Brazilian Institute for Political Party and Election Law Studies (IBEDEP).